TULIPS…Planting, Fertilizing, and Maintenance.

TULIPS

When I think about tulips, two holidays come to mind, Easter and Mother’s Day. Many people get a pot of tulips as an Easter plant. In my neck of the woods, tulips are synonymous with Mother’s Day. Albany, NY, being a Dutch settlement yearly celebrates the flower with a Tulip Festival. Thousands of tulips are planted in Washington Park, and up and down many streets by the State’s Capital. For about a two-week period, tulips are everywhere, heralding Spring.

Planting Tulips…There is a difference between planting tulips in grand displays in public parks, and along city streets, and planting them on your own property. All, or most of the just mentioned tulips, planted in Washington Park, in Albany, after blooming are dug up and sold. You never really get to see the plant mature, and how the deep green foliage eventually turns to a paper bag brown.

My suggestion to you is to plant small groupings of three tulips here, and three tulips there, throughout your garden. After they have finished blooming, and start to look unsightly, they won’t stick out that much when other perennials grow up around them.

Tulips are planted in Fall, and need 12 weeks of below freezing weather to set a flower for the coming Spring. There are Early, Mid-season, and Late blooming varieties. Plant some of each kind, if you want to spread out your tulip blooming display. Buy large-firm-meaty bulbs.

Plant the tulip bulbs in an area where they get about 6 hours of sun light a day, pointed side up, with 3 to 5 inches of soil on top of them. Space them about 8 inches apart, in all directions, if you will be leaving them in the ground from year to year. The Darwin Tulip is said to be a long-lived variety, that will produce flowers for a number of years.

Fertilizing Tulips…Tulips need NO fertilization at their time of planting. The tulip bulbs were most likely not allowed to bloom the Spring before they were ready for shipping. Their heads were cut off. All of their energy was put into making a big healthy bulb, for you to buy, not flower production.

When planting tulips never but bone meal in the hole with the bulb. Moles, voles, mice, and squirrels will smell the bone meal, and go right for the bulbs and eat them. I know someone who planted 300 tulip bulbs with bone meal. The following Spring, one tulip showed up.

Some people say fertilize tulips in the Fall, others say Spring and Fall, I say Spring. Sprinkle a tablespoon or two of a good All Purpose Time Release fertilizer like, Pennington 6-10-6, Jonathan Green 5-10-5, or Espoma Plant-Tone 5-3-3, from where the tulip emerges from the ground, and out 2 or 3 inches all around. Time Release means the fertilizer will feed your plant for weeks. Fertilize when you see them emerging from the ground, to before they bloom. I feel you have to fertilize them in the Spring, because you can see where they are growing. In Fall, without foliage showing, How would you know where they are?

Maintaining Tulips …Tulips get their nourishment two ways. They absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil, and they collect light from the sun (photosynthesis). When you buy a tulip bulb, it is an element filled with enough energy to produce foliage and flowers the Spring after planting. When the tulip starts to emerge from the soil in Spring, the energy leaves the bulb and goes up the plant to produce the leaves and flower. The energy, in time has to work its way back down to the bulb, so the tulip can continue living and produce more foliage and flowers the following Spring. The foliage has to be allowed to collect light, and over time, turn a paper bag brown, and die back. The change in foliage color, from deep green to paper bag brown, says to you, that the energy has traveled back downward to the bulb. When the foliage has turned paper bag brown, with a light tug, it will pull away from the bulb. You can also cut it off at that time.

A lot of tulips, after a year or two in the ground stop blooming and just become a bunch of leaves. The mother tulip produced a lot of “Bulblets” baby bulbs, around her, and is crowded, and stops blooming. In the Spring, when you see this has happened, dig up the mother and babies, separate them all out, Don’t damage the foliage, and replant the bulbs throughout your garden. Make sure you plant them deep. You don’t want any of the white under ground stem showing above ground. Hopefully in a year or two you will have blooming tulips again.

After your tulips have bloomed, cut out the spent (wilted) flower stem. Only leave the leaves to mature. If you get a potted tulip for Easter, or Mother’s Day, after it finishes blooming, cut off the flower stem, take the tulips out of the pot, and separate the bulbs. With foliage intact, plant them in your garden. Hopefully next year you will have tulips at Mother’s Day.

So tell me, did you plant tulips last Fall, and did they come up? If you have tulips that have bloomed to years, what variety are they?

Companion Posts
Daffodils..Planting, Fertilizing and Maintenance 4-8-2011,
It’s time to plant Spring Flowering Bulbs, Fall is in the Air 9-23-2011,
How to Plant (Design) a Garden. Mass versus Specimen Planting 2-17-2011,
It’s Easy to grow Pussywillows 2-15-2012,
Planting Hellebores (Lenten Roses) to Celebrate Spring 4-25-2013,
Make an Easter Egg Tree, Celebrate Spring! 3-21-2011,
When Designing a Perennial Garden it’s ALL about the Shapes of Leaves 1-15-2011,
Colored Foliage adds the WOW FACTOR to a Garden 2-22-2011,
Stagger Plant Heights when Planting (Designing) a Garden 2-23-2011,
Neatening up a Rhododendron after it Blooms 6-3-2011,
Daylilies..Planting Dividing and Maintenance 8-9-2011,
Grow a Topiary from an Upright Yew 6-15-2011,
Plant Tomatoes DEEP in Full Sun 5-23-2011,
My Hydrangeas Don’t Won’t Bloom is a Lament uttered by Many 6-21-2012,
Designing / Laying out Flower Beds 5-4-2013
  Applying Fertilizer / Weed Control on the Lawn 4-27-2011

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About fredgonsowskigardenhome

Your eyes deserve to view beauty. I hope Fred Gonsowski Garden Home helps to turn your vision, into a reality.
This entry was posted in Roses, Peonies, Tulips, etc, The Autumn(Fall) Garden, The Spring Garden. Bookmark the permalink.

7 Responses to TULIPS…Planting, Fertilizing, and Maintenance.

  1. Alina says:

    My husband bought me some tulips for Valentine’s and I planted them in two pots. They both had flowers already and also fell too but one remains with its green foliage while the other withered. The one that remains green I haven’t done anything to it other than water it everyday, like the instructions says (I have been doing the same for the “withered” one also). The brown looking one I cut all the foliage and its seating there in what it seems a pot full of nothing but potting soil. I thought at first that I “killed” the plant watering it everyday but according to your article the brown appearance is normal? Will they bloom again this year or are they pretty much done? I have no experience taking care of plants of any kind, even less indoor potted ones.

    • Hi Alina, Tulips bloom once a year in Spring (late April-Early May) when planted outside. No plant likes being watered every day. Water plants once or twice a week at most, and ONLY if the soil feel dry. I water plants sparing in Winter, especially ones that are not in direct light from windows, so the soil is not too wet for long periods. That would cause the roots of the plant to rod. Tulips are meant to be planted outside, they are not house plants. Try to find a place where you can put them outside, and plant the bulbs so there is a good 4 inches of soil on top of the bulb. If you are in a place that does not have a Winter, where the temperatures don’t go below freezing for 12 weeks, the bulbs will, most likely not bloom again. Good luck with the Tulips, and thank you for the comment ;-}

  2. Dayna says:

    I was a little too impatient this year. After my tulips flowered and as began to wilt I pulled the leaves and flower stem. Because I didn’t wait untill they turned brown, did I ruin all chances of them flowering next year? Is there any fertilizer I can put on them now, in the fall or even next spring that will help them flower?

    • Hi Dayna, there is nothing you can do now, but wait until next year, and see what happens. I say give them a drink of Miracle Grow, a few times, every two weeks for a month or two, or throw some time release fertilizer in the spot where the tulips are, like Plant Tone. Don’t over do with the application, FOLLOW the package directions. In the Fall buy some new bulbs, the price is not that high, and plant some more. If the ones you tortured bloom, you will have twice as many. Good Luck, and Happy Summer Gardening ;-}

  3. tiffany says:

    Love your site!! Thanks for all the time you put into it, you have such great ideas and I really appreciate you taking the time to post it all. Have a great day!

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