Are your African violets getting old and unshapely with multiple crowns and suckers? Do you have a friend or co-worker who grows the most beautiful African violets, and that person will give you some single leaf cuttings, so you can start some plants of your own? This blog post shows you the two easy steps that it takes to growing an African violet from a leaf cutting.
List of supplies
A leaf with stem cut from an African violet plant,
A small clear plastic or glass cup,
A rubber band,
A piece of waxed paper to cover the top of your cup or glass,
A pair of scissors.
A small pot to plant up your rooted leave,
A commercial soil mix intended for house plants and African violets.
Step One… Fill a glass or plastic cup almost to the brim with room temperature water. Take your piece of waxed paper and cut a small “X” in the center of the waxed paper, just big enough to fit the stem of the African violet through (the waxed paper will suspend the leaf above the water). Position the piece of paper over the rim of the glass and hold it in place with your rubber band. Insert your African violet cutting into the “X” shaped slit (See number 1 on the illustration).
After about two weeks in the water, you will notice that the African violet has started growing roots (about 1/4th inch long). Quickness of root growth will depend on the time of year you start the cutting. If you start the cutting in the Spring or early Summer when most plants start their growing cycle, it will probably grow quicker, than if you start it in the Fall or Winter, when plants are in their dormant or resting period.
Place your glass with cutting in a spot in your house where it gets somewhat bright, but not direct-beating down sunlight, which would fry the leaf.
Step Two… About four weeks after you see roots forming, and they are about one and a half inches long, you can pot up your leaf. Plant the leaf in a small pot (no larger than 2 to 3 inches wide), which is filled with a soil mix made especially for house plants and African violets. After about two to three months, you will see small baby leaves starting to grow at the base of the mother leave (see illustration 2). When the baby leaves are about an inch tall, or the mother has started to die, cut off the mother leave, so all the energy goes to the baby leaves.
When the leaves have matured for size, transplant the baby plant into a pot no larger than 4 inches wide; as pots too big will make African violets slow to bloom. If you can, grow your African violets in clay pots. Clay absorbs moisture and then releases humidity through evaporation, which the plant will like. If things work out right, and your plant is happy, you will have a new blooming plant in about a year.
Lighting for African violets…
Place plants in windows that get morning sun, preferably from the east, during the Fall and Winter, but move them more into the room, out of direct harsh light during Spring and Summer. Strong Spring and Summer light could/will fry the leaves. A north facing window is also a good place for your African violets to spend the Spring and Summer months.
Water plants with slightly warm or room temperature water, try not to use cold water. Make sure that the plants have drained well after watering, and that the plants are not sitting in excess water. If you try to wash dust off of your African violet’s leaves, use somewhat warm, but not hot water to clean the leaves, as cold water will cause leaf spotting. After washing, let them dry completely before putting them back in the light.
Feeding the plants…
Fertilize your African violets using a low nitrogen, high phosphorous water-soluble plant food, you can find that at garden centers, and follow the directions on the package.
So there you have it, a quick overview on how to grow African violets. As a kid, I remember my mother having many African violets, so many really, that they filled a bow-window. She loved bringing them into bloom, and they were an easy houseplant for her to keep. I hope you are inspired in some way by this post, and you too try growing an African violet or two yourself.
Companion Posts on Fred Gonsowski Garden Home.com…
Norfolk Island Pine, an Easy Plant to Control its Height 11-28-2010,
Starting a Rose Bush and other plants from a Cutting (Slip) 6-17-2011,
It’s Easy to Grow Pussy willows 2-15-2012,